What are Hemorrhoids?
Hemorrhoids are swollen blood vessels in the lower rectum. They are among the most common causes of anal pathology and subsequently are blamed for virtually any anorectal complaint by patients and medical professionals alike. Confusion often arises because the term “hemorrhoid” has been used to refer to both normal anatomic structures and pathologic structures. In the context of this article, “hemorrhoids” refers to the pathologic presentation of hemorrhoidal venous cushions, as cited in the Medscape. Although hemorrhoids are a common condition diagnosed in clinical practice, many patients are too embarrassed to ever seek treatment. There are two types of hemorrhoids: internal hemorrhoid and external hemorrhoid. Hemorrhoids are either inside the anus, called internal or under the skin around the anus, called external. Sometimes the internal hemorrhoids are connected to external hemorrhoids. Suffering from hemorrhoids can be stressful, painful and very uncomfortable. We would recommend you some remedies, which help ease and reduce the symptoms of hemorrhoids.
How to get rid of Hemorrhoids using natural remedies?
Many people suffer from hemorrhoids, which can be uncomfortable and sometimes painful. Noticeably, hemorrhoids usually occur when the veins around the anus become distended due to constipation, childbirth, heavy lifting, or long periods of sitting. Here are home remedies which will help ease pain, itching and provides you fast relief:
Cold compress: Put a cold compress or ice on the area several times a day. It will reduce pain and provide instant relief from itching. Doing this several times day will help to constrict the blood vessels and reduce hemorrhoids effectively. Although, it can help ease pain and swelling and give you short-term relief. How to prepare: wrap ice in a cloth or ice pack. Then apply to the affected area directly and leave for about ten minutes. Repeat several times a day until the hemorrhoids go away. Moreover, a pack of frozen vegetables like peas or corn wrapped in cloth also work well. You can apply to hemorrhoid affected area for about 20 minutes, do this three times a day.
Warm baths: Taking a warm bath really gains a lot of benefits for health. Bathing in tubs with warm water universally eases painful perianal conditions. A soothing, natural cure for hemorrhoids is taking 15 minutes warm baths. Relaxation of the sphincter mechanism and spasm is probably the etiology. Ice can also relieve the pain of acute thrombosis. In addition, you can add a handful of Epsom salts to the bath and make sure to stir the water well to dissolve the salt. Epsom salts can help to shrink and/or soothe the hemorrhoids. Another effective way to help relieve the symptoms when you do not have the time to take a warm bath is to moisten a washcloth with warm water and dab it on the anus for a few minutes every time you use the bathroom. Try these methods and see the result! They are really effective.
High-fiber diet: Adding more fibers into your diet is one of the best ways to help relieve the symptoms of hemorrhoid. Normally, a diet high in fiber has about 25 to 30 grams of fiber per day. A high-fiber diet will help you have a soft stool and regular bowel movements. Also, the best time to have a bowel movement is when your body gives you an urge to go. This will help reduce problems with hemorrhoids, fissures, itching and another common colon, rectal and anal problems. As researched, Psyllium seed is rich in fiber, which makes stools softer and eases bowel movements. Psyllium seed significantly decreases bleeding and pain compared with placebo. Psyllium seed (Metamucil) and methylcellulose (Citrucel) are the most commonly used supplements. Many hemorrhoidal symptoms resolve only when they are treated with dietary alterations, including increased fiber and the addition of fiber supplements. Other foods rich in fiber include bran, broccoli, cabbage, berries, leafy greens, celery, squash, beans, mushrooms, and oranges. You can also add them to your diet.
Apple Cider Vinegar: Apple cider vinegar has a lot of benefits for health such as weight loss, enhance digestion, minimize acne and dandruff, lower cholesterol and high blood pressure, treat vaginal infections, relieve symptoms of hemorrhoids and much more. This is the reason that Apple Cider Vinegar is frequently chosen as a natural remedy for treating hemorrhoid. Plus, it has antibacterial, astringent and anti-fungal properties due to the acids content. Hemorrhoids were causing severe pain progressively for both men and women. Simply soak a cotton ball or some toilet paper with apple cider vinegar and apply it to the hemorrhoid area. Repeat this process until the inflammation disappears and symptoms resolve. Going to do this several times a day and see if there’s any reduction. You can also try drinking apple cider vinegar by mixing 2 tablespoons of it with 8 ounces of water (some say this also helps to promote weight loss). Drink this mix once a day with breakfast.
Coconut oil for hemorrhoids: Coconut oil contains medium chain saturated oils which your body need so much to prevent hemorrhoids. It also has antiviral, antimicrobial and anti-bacterial properties. Dip a cotton ball in a bowl of the oil. Then leave the affected area and hold it for few minutes. Repeat this until the area soothes and pain is completely relieved. Another method is: clean the affected area with a dry cotton ball. Then apply the coconut oil on the affected area gently. Repeat several times a day to relief from the pain and discomfort. Try it and you will get the result!
Aloe vera for hemorrhoids: Aloe Vera is known for its anti-inflammatory and therapeutic properties which help to reduce the itching, inflammation, and irritation of hemorrhoids. It is used to treat both internal and external hemorrhoids. For Internal Hemorrhoids: you can take aloe vera leaf ensuring to cut off the sharp thorns. Cut the leaves into strips and freeze them. Then, apply these to the hemorrhoids affected area. Repeat this regularly to get relief from the hemorrhoids. For the External Hemorrhoids: you can take an aloe vera leaf and extract its gel. Then, apply this gel to your anus and slowly massage it on the affected area for few minutes. Repeat this application of gel to get relief from the external hemorrhoids. Repeat this regularly to get the best result.
Lemon Juice: Lemon juice has antioxidants, vitamin C and other nutrients that give relief from the hemorrhoids by strengthening the capillaries and blood vessel walls. To prepare: Soak a cotton ball in the freshly squeezed lemon juice from one or two lemons. Then apply this directly on the hemorrhoids. Initially, there will be some tingling or burning sensation, but this will only last a short while. Alternatively, mix half a lemon juice with a cup of hot milk and drink it. Repeat every two to three hours. Another method is mixing half a teaspoon each of lemon juice, ginger juice, and honey together and take this mixture once a day.
Witch Hazel: Witch hazel contains mild astringent and healing properties that help to ease the discomforts associated with hemorrhoids. In addition, it helps to shrink inflamed blood vessels, relieves pain, itching, and swelling. To prepare: take a cotton ball or washcloth and soak it in an undistilled witch hazel. Then apply this on the hemorrhoids. Repeat this three times a day to get relief from the pain and bleeding of hemorrhoids. Medicated pads can be bought and applied that contains witch hazel.These can be used instead of or in combination with toilet paper. We hope these natural remedies effectively help ease and reduce the symptoms of your hemorrhoids. However, you are recommended to see the doctors if the symptoms still not relive.
What are the common causes of hemorrhoids?
Still, we do not know the exact causes that provoke Hemorrhoids. However, many patients and doctors believe that hemorrhoids are caused by chronic constipation, prolonged sitting, and vigorous straining. Some of these potential etiologies are briefly discussed below.There are other possibilities, too. It’s likely that extreme abdominal pressure makes the veins swell and become likelier to get irritated.
Pregnancy: Pregnancy clearly predisposes women to symptoms from hemorrhoids, although the etiology is unknown. Notably, most patients revert to their previously asymptomatic state after delivery. The relationship between pregnancy and hemorrhoids lends credence to hormonal changes or direct pressure as the culprit.
Portal hypertension and anorectal varices: Portal hypertension has often been mentioned in conjunction with hemorrhoids. However, hemorrhoidal symptoms do not occur more frequently in patients with portal hypertension than in those without it, and massive bleeding from hemorrhoids in these patients is unusual. Anorectal varices are common in patients with portal hypertension. Varices occur in the mid rectum, at connections between the portal system and the middle and inferior rectal veins.
Decreased venous return: Most researchers agree that low-fiber diets cause small-caliber stools, which result in straining during defecation. This increased pressure causes engorgement of the hemorrhoids, possibly by interfering with venous return. Pregnancy and abnormally high tension of the internal sphincter muscle can also cause hemorrhoidal problems, presumably by means of the same mechanism, which is thought to be decreased venous return. Prolonged sitting on a toilet (eg, while reading) is believed to cause a relative venous return problem in the perianal area (a tourniquet effect), resulting in enlarged hemorrhoids. Aging causes weakening of the support structures, which facilitates prolapse. The weakening of support structures can occur as early as the third decade of life.
Straining and constipation: Straining and constipation have long been thought of as culprits in the formation of hemorrhoids. This may or may not be true. Patients who report hemorrhoids have a canal resting tone that is higher than normal. However, some other conditions are also considered as the causes of hemorrhoid such as low fiber diet, coughing, sneezing, vomiting and holding your breath when you do something that’s physically hard.
What are the risk factors of Hemorrhoids?
Other risk factors historically associated with the development of hemorrhoids include the Obesity, inflammatory bowel disease, including ulcerative colitis, and Crohn disease, higher socioeconomic status, chronic diarrhea, lack of erect posture, elevated anal resting pressure, anal intercourse, and familial tendency…etc.
What are the symptoms of Hemorrhoids?
Signs and symptoms may include:
- Pain and discomfort around the anus.
- Moist, pink pads of skin protruding from the anus; sometimes they may appear purple or blue.
- Painless bleeding from the anus during bowel movements, that might be noticed small amounts of blood on your toilet tissue or in the toilet bowl.
- Swelling around your anus.
- Itching or irritation in your anus.
- A lump near your anus, which may be sensitive or painful
- Leakage of feces
However, the symptoms of Hemorrhoids depend on the duration and locations ( whether you have internal hemorrhoid or external hemorrhoid). Not all the bleedings from the anus during bowel movements are caused by hemorrhoid, it might be caused by some other diseases too. You may consult a doctor or seek medical advice.
Suffering from hemorrhoids can be stressful,painful and very uncomfortable. However, we can prevent hemorrhoids and reduce symptoms of hemorrhoids.
- Eat high-fiber foods. Eat more fruits, vegetables, and whole grains.
- Consider fiber supplements. People should take enough of the recommended amount of fiber 25 grams a day for women and 38 grams a day for men in their diet.
- Drink plenty of fluids. Drink six to eight glasses of water and other liquids (not alcohol) each day to help keep stools soft. You can read our previous article “How to drink water at the best time and effectively?”
- Don’t strain. Straining and holding your breath when trying to pass a stool causes greater pressure in the veins in the lower rectum.
- Stay active to help prevent constipation and to reduce pressure on veins, which can occur with long periods of standing or sitting. Exercise can also help you lose your excess weight that may be contributing to your hemorrhoids.
- Avoid long periods of sitting. Sitting too long, particularly on the toilet, can increase the pressure on the veins in the anus.
The best way to prevent hemorrhoid is to keep your stool soft so that it is easy to pass from the anus.
Hemorrhoid and how to get rid of it with natural remedies
Additional sources: Mayo Clinic, WebMD, Medscape, http://naturalsociety.com/home-remedies-for-hemorrhoids.